In August, TIHR reported that 213 Turkmen citizens , holders of Turkish residence permits, had been arbitrarily barred from leaving Turkmenistan. Another source reported that the authorities preserve a blacklist of 5,000 people barred from international travel, including civil servants and their families, and family members of emigres, including protest activists. Many of the interviewees knew a minimum of one woman in Turkmenistan who was raped, but none might level to any cases during which a sufferer reported the rape to authorities.
5.c.1 Proportion of countries with techniques to trace and make public allocations for gender equality and ladies’s empowerment. Article 134 of the Criminal Code criminalizes rape, but the authorities’s remedy of rape is just like its treatment of domestic violence. There aren’t any nationwide efforts to teach people in regards to the crime of rape, to tell women of their rights, or to even try to diminish the stigmatization that victims of rape face. There aren’t any rape disaster facilities or counseling packages dedicated to serving to rape victims. An additional disincentive to report home violence is the lack of packages to inform women of their rights, offer them security or shelter, assist them in court, or help them cope with trauma. Psychological counseling is mostly thought-about to be only for “abnormal” individuals, and such companies are not usually obtainable outdoors of the capital. None of the folks interviewed for this report had ever heard of any shelters for victims of domestic violence or organizations devoted to preventing violence against women or assisting its victims.
Art: Feathered Helmet (mahiole)
It’s been days, I realized, since I had an actual dialog, since my ideas and fears and emotions have been on anything but an endless loop in my head. One night, I end up in a vigorous restaurant full of Turkish expats, who apparently make up an excellent portion of the labor pressure in Turkmenistan. (The two countries share related languages and cultures, and their governments sporadically push for nearer ties.) I’m the one woman in the room, aside from the waitresses, who’re all wearing absolutely clear shirts. A bookish young guy in glasses on the table subsequent to me strikes up a dialog in English, and I ask him, delicately, about the nature of the connection between the clientele and the ladies working here.
The government supplied subsidies and pensions for persons with disabilities as well as housing, free well being care, and tax-exempt standing. In 2019 the government constructed or was constructing comprehensive academic and treatment services for kids with disabilities in all five provinces of the nation. While the legislation provides legal penalties for official corruption, the government did not implement the law successfully. There had been quite a few stories of corruption within the security forces and in all social and economic sectors throughout the year.
The US State Department’s Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2001 states that the federal government severely restricts political and civil liberties. Arbitrary arrest, detention, unfair trials, and interference with citizens’ privacy and correspondence are reported. The authorities demolishes massive numbers of personal houses, and lots of displaced homeowners aren’t compensated for his or her loss. The government severely restricts freedom of speech and completely controls and censors the media, forbidding the expression of criticism of the federal government. In signing the Helsinki Final Act in 1992, Niyazov acknowledged that human rights are defined and limited by Turkmen national interests, specifically, regulation and order and political stability. On 14 September 1999, he denied that there have been political prisoners in Turkmenistan during his rule. According to the State Department’s Annual Report on International Religious Freedom for 2001 , Turkmenistan severely represses religious minorities.
Many citizens right here, subjected to first Soviet after which Niyazovian propaganda — dominated by the police and residing in poverty while the government’s elite amass wealth — are reflexively suspicious of the state. All of this happened in plain view, those interviewed mentioned, and the government did little to help people or even warn them of heroin’s dangers. Since the Taliban’s fall, Afghan poppy manufacturing has surged and heroin use here has peaked and perhaps leveled off, they stated. But not before it had taken hold of numerous turkmenistan bride individuals, who euphemistically refer to their drug as chai, the native word for tea. How rapidly the federal government can catch up, and whether or not it could possibly gain its residents’ confidence, is unclear. In interviews over seven days, together with in the capital and a rural village, citizens almost universally complained of the extent of heroin utilization and of the government’s tolerance of it. «The accepted understanding is that in each extended family there are no less than one or two addicts,» the diplomat said.
Some determined to function covertly, whereas others made the difficult determination to associate with government entities to be able to continue their work. One interviewee said simply that politics “is a circus.” Another said that though women don’t generally take part in politics, some women could also be appointed to government positions and that when this happens, they will’t refuse. In this situation, it is tough to assess the extent of women’s meaningful participation in authorities. Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, there were eight women members of parliament, and girls served in the People’s Council and other authorities positions in 2004. Accurate information about trafficking is extremely exhausting to gather and confirm and has led to contradictory reviews.
First and foremost, home violence is handled as a traditional model of male habits. The Turkmen government makes no point out of home violence in its combined initial and second periodic report. Neither the Constitution of Turkmenistan nor the Turkmen Criminal Code immediately addresses domestic violence. Although Article 163 of the Criminal Code now criminalizes polygamy, the government has made no effort to implement the law or condemn the apply in any significant way.
The authorities asserts in its report that enchancment and preservation of motherhood and childhood have a central place within the state well being program. To this end, the report notes that state-of-the-artwork Centers for Reproductive Health have been opened all through the country, together with remote areas. The report states a number of instances that these Centers are stocked with “the latest medical tools” and “expensive trendy gear … to offer effective therapy of untimely babies,” and even include laparoscopes. Once a lady is married, this can be very unlikely that she will be able to pursue greater training because she is anticipated to stay residence and care for her husband and in-legal guidelines. Single moms significantly need elevated entry to and sponsorship of higher education.
However, outdoors sources, together with NGO publications and information articles, report clear indicators of a well being disaster in Turkmenistan. Yet one other interviewee recalled a time when what was supposed to be a celebration of ladies positioned an infinite burden on them.
Flex Alumni Lead Womens Historical Past Month Celebration In Turkmenistan
Groups that defied the legislation and attempted to meet in personal houses faced intimidation and scrutiny from security forces. The government controlled radio and home television, however satellite dishes offering access to international tv programming have been widespread throughout the country. Channels including BBC World News and the Turkmen-language version of RFE/RL had been broadly out there via satellite tv for pc dishes.
Police harassed Batyr Batyrov, a historical past instructor who had filed official complaints about corruption in training. In August, TIHR reported that police issued dying threats to Batyrov and his household if he didn’t cease writing complaints. Turkmenistan continued to train tight control over all print and digital media. Foreign media shops have virtually no access to the country, and the federal government usually retaliates in opposition to people who present them info. Radio Azatlyk in April reported that almost 100 women in Lebap province were threatened with 15 days’ detention for gathering exterior town administration constructing to demand flour. Dozens of people protested in Mary province in early April against shortages of presidency-sponsored flour and vegetable oil. In May, TIHR reported that police briefly detained and questioned women after they surrounded a neighborhood official to specific their frustrations over flour shortages.
He was additionally informed that if local authorities discovered “proof of an opposition activity” on his laptop, he could be sentenced to fifteen years of imprisonment. Khydyrov said that Dushemov was a member of the Telegram chat “activistdvt,” created by the brand new Democratic Movement of Turkmenistan, and directors of the group banned Dushemov for inappropriate habits. Persons harassed, detained, or arrested by authorities reported that the government brought on members of the family to be fired from their jobs or expelled from school.